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2 edition of Economic evaluation of an electrolytic process to recover lead from scrap batteries found in the catalog.

Economic evaluation of an electrolytic process to recover lead from scrap batteries

Thomas A. Phillips

Economic evaluation of an electrolytic process to recover lead from scrap batteries

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  • 22 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines in [Avondale, MD] .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Lead -- Electrometallurgy.,
  • Lead -- Electrometallurgy -- Economic aspects.,
  • Storage batteries -- Recycling.,
  • Electrolytic cells.

  • Edition Notes

    Bibliography: p. 10.

    Statementby Thomas A. Phillips.
    SeriesInformation circular ;, 9071, Information circular (United States. Bureau of Mines) ;, 9071.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsTN295 .U4 no. 9071, TN785 .U4 no. 9071
    The Physical Object
    Pagination19 p. :
    Number of Pages19
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL2663267M
    LC Control Number85600314


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Economic evaluation of an electrolytic process to recover lead from scrap batteries by Thomas A. Phillips Download PDF EPUB FB2

The publication is an economic evaluation of the Bureau of Mines electrolytic process for recovering lead from scrap lead-acid batteries. In this process, scrap batteries are crushed and separated into metal and sludge fractions. The metal fraction is cast as anodes and electro-refined.

Economic evaluation of an electrolytic process to recover lead from scrap batteries. [Avondale, MD]: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, (DLC) This publication is an economic evaluation of the Bureau of Mines electrolytic process for recovering lead from scrap lead-acid batteries.

In this process, scrap batteries are crushed and separated into metal and sludge fractions. The metal fraction is cast as anodes and electrorefined.

Electrolytic method for recovery of lead from scrap batteries: scale-up study using liter multielectrode cell [Lee, A. Y.] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Electrolytic method for recovery of lead from scrap batteries: scale-up study using liter multielectrode cellAuthor: A. Lee. Economic evaluation of an electrolytic process to recover lead from scrap batteries / By Thomas A. Phillips. Abstract. Bibliography: p. Mode of access: Internet Topics: Electrolytic cells., Storage batteries, Lead.

Based on the considered assumptions, which were applied for both of the evaluated process alternatives, the ER process shows to be a cost-competitive alternative for the recovery of value from electronic waste as it can process kg e-waste per dollar of capital investment versus kg for the BCS process.

Along with the economic evaluation, minimum performance targets were established for the ER recovery. Economic evaluation of an electrolytic process to recover lead from scrap batteries book T.A.

Phillips, Economic and Technical Evaluation of an Electrolytic Process to Recover Lead from Scrap Batteries, Bur. Mines Report 1C (Washington, D.C.: Bur. Mines, ). Google Scholar.

Previous work at the Bureau of Mines Rolla Research Center, U.S. Department of the Interior, resulted in successful development of a bench-scale, combination electrorefining-electrowinning method for recycling lead from scrap batteries by using waste fluosilicic acid (H 2 SiF 6) as electrolyte.

1,2 This paper describes larger scale experiments. Prior attempts to electrowin lead failed because large quantities of insoluble lead dioxide. Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI) and the Caribbean Basin Economic Recovery Act (CBERA) Andean Trade Preference Act (ATPA)/Andean Trade Promotion and Drug Eradication Act (ATPDEA) U.S.-Israel Free Trade Area Agreement U.S.- Jordan Free Trade Area Agreement Compact of Free Association (FAS)   The process enables the recovery of both metallic and non-metallic constituents separately.

Pilot plant scale demonstration was done to recover precious metals from 1 metric ton of e-waste with a recovery rate of 95%. The process flow chart developed for precious metals is depicted in the Figure 9 [39, 77]. A low cost unit to process / Recycle SCRAP BATTERIES - other than lead Acid / Dry lead Acid batteries, can be established in India at Export Processing Zone.

We can establish and operate such a unit, to process 20 MT / Monthly of Zn Carbon / Alkaline batteries. Other batteries. Electrolytic process. Sulphide ore (% Pb, % Zn) Steel and lead (by the blast furnace process) had the lowest evaluation of their importance and the use such findings can have for.

A combined process was presented to recover valuable metals from lithium nickel cobalt manganese (NCM) cathodes of spent lithium-ion batteries. In this process, the cathode scrap was first roasted with carbonaceous reductant, and then carbonation water leaching was employed to selectively extract Li from the roasted cathodes.

The secondary production of lead begins with the recovery of old scrap from worn-out, damaged, or obsolete products and with new scrap. The chief source of old scrap is lead-acid batteries; other sources include cable coverings, pipe, sheet, and other lead-bearing metals.

Solder, a tin-based alloy, may be recovered from the processing of. The PbZn symposium series book is considered the leading international technical forum for the lead and zinc processing industries.

The PbZn volume addresses all aspects of current processing technologies for primary and secondary lead and zinc, as well as emerging technologies. Closed loop recycling of lead/acid batteries, Journal of Power Sources, 42() Biswas, A K a nd Davenp ort W G, 1Extractive Metallurgy of Copper, 2.

Most process routes achieve high yields for the valuable metals cobalt, copper, and nickel. In comparison, lithium is only recovered in few processes and with a lower yield, albeit a high economic value. The recovery of the low value components graphite, manganese, and electrolyte solvents is technically feasible but economically challenging.

The paper focuses on the improved process of metal recovery from lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) lithium nickel manganese cobalt oxide (NMC) cathode waste materials by using hydrometallurgical methods. In the acid leaching step, the essential effects of acidity concentration, H 2 O 2 concentration, leaching time, liquid-solid mass ratio, and.

Lead scrap includes lead-acid batteries, cable coverings, pipes, sheets and lead coated, or terne bearing, metals. Solder, product waste and dross may also be recovered for its small lead content.

Most secondary lead is used in batteries. To recover lead from a battery, the battery is broken and the components are classified. Abstract. Bench-scale research at the Bureau of Mines has resulted in the successful development of a combination electrorefining- electrowinning method for recycling all the lead in scrap batteries.

The method reduces energy consumption and eliminates toxic emissions, in contrast to present pyrometallurgical smelting, and the lead produced is pure enough for use in maintenance-free batteries. IntechOpen is a leading global publisher of Journals and Books within the fields of Science, Technology and Medicine.

We are the preferred choice of o authors worldwide. Techno-economic Analysis of PEM Electrolysis for Hydrogen Production Strategic Analysis Inc. Whitney G. Colella. Brian D. James. Jennie M. Moton. NREL. Genevieve Saur. Todd Ramsden. Electrolytic Hydrogen Production Workshop.

NREL, Golden, Colorado. 27 February Purchase Resource Recovery and Recycling from Metallurgical Wastes, Volume 7 - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book.

ISBN  Electrolytic Separation, Recovery and Refining of Metals Hardcover by G. Gore (Author) out of 5 stars 1 rating. See all on copper by other methods, electrolytic separation of silver buillion, refining of lead, separation of antimony, aluminum, zinc, magnesium, sodium, potassium, gold, refining of nickel, and electric smelting.

Reviews: 1. Steel and iron are the most recycled materials in the world due in part to the opportunity to recover large structures as well as the ease of reprocessing.

The use of magnets in the sorting process enables recyclers to easily separate them from the mixed waste stream. Every year, around million tons of metal are recycled worldwide.

Reference herein to any specific commercial product, process, or service by trade name, trademark, manufacturer, or otherwise does not necessarily constitute or imply its endorsement, recommendation, or favoring by the United States government or any agency thereof.

Mercury, zinc, iron, lead, copper, and magnesium are species easily treatable with Electrolytic methods, but species that can sorb to other material has low efficiency.

Polar compounds (phenol), petroleum derivatives, DNAPLs, nitrates, sulfates, and radium are also treatable with electrolytic. Regenerated Lead Market: Introduction. Regenerated lead is a soft, malleable, and corrosion resistant material.

It is primarily used to line tanks that store corrosive liquids such as sulfuric acid. Regenerated lead is mainly obtained from scrap lead-acid batteries, lead pipes, sheets, and cable sheathing.

Benefits of E-Waste Recycling. Recycling e-waste enables us to recover various valuable metals and other materials from electronics, saving natural resources (energy), reducing pollution, conserving landfill space, and creating jobs.

According to the EPA, recycling one million laptops can save the energy equivalent of electricity that can run 3, U.S. households for a year. Senate Bill further provides that the evaluation should consider incentive-based strategies, including the granting of economic development incentives for the construction of recycling centers and beneficiation facilities that have the potential to increase beneficial use of glass, plastic, metal, and fiber.

To date, copper is the only heterogeneous catalyst that has shown a propensity to produce valuable hydrocarbons and alcohols, such as ethylene and ethanol, from electrochemical CO2 reduction (CO2R). There are variety of factors that impact CO2R activity and selectivity, including the catalyst surface structure, morphology, composition, the choice of electrolyte ions and pH, and the.

Electronics Scrap. Electronics are finding ways into nearly every available nook and cranny of our busy lives. From smart toasters to body monitoring clothing, electronics are small but incredibly complex combinations of materials that provide us a lot of new ways to. Electrolysis, process by which electric current is passed through a substance to effect a chemical change.

The chemical change is one in which the substance loses or gains an electron (oxidation or reduction). The process is carried out in an electrolytic cell, an apparatus consisting of positive and negative electrodes held apart and dipped into a solution containing positively and negatively.

The entire process of electrolysis is carried out in an electrolytic cell. In this cell, ions will migrate to or away from the anode or cathode.

This migration takes place in a liquid medium that. SOLUTIONS MANUAL FUNDAMENTALS OF MODERN MANUFACTURING: MATERIALS, PROCESSES, AND SYSTEMS Second Edition.

The synthesis of Li(Co-MnNi)O 2 cathode material from spent Li ion -batteries and the proof of its functionality in aqueous lithium and sodium electrolytic solutions.

Journal of Power Sources – Shin SM, Kim NH, Sohn JS, Yang DH, Kim YH. Development of a metal recovery process from Li-ion battery wastes. (10) Processed scrap metal is scrap metal which has been manually or physically altered to either separate it into distinct materials to enhance economic value or to improve the handling of materials.

Processed scrap metal includes, but is not limited to scrap metal which has been baled, shredded, sheared, chopped, crushed, flattened, cut, melted, or separated by metal type (i.e., sorted), and.

The hot-dip galvanizing process (Figure 1) has been used sinceproviding long-lasting, maintenance-free corrosion protection at a reasonable cost for gh hot-dip galvanizing has been utilized to protect steel for generations, the galvanizing process continues to evolve with new technologies and creative chemistries.

Access quality crowd-sourced study materials tagged to courses at universities all over the world and get homework help from our tutors when you need it. The main electrolytic method used for the production of large tonnages of chromium metal is the chromium (III) or trivalent chrome-alum bath electrolyte method.

This process was developed by the U.S. Bureau of Mines infollowing a long-term study on chromium-metal electrowinning. An electrolytic process is the use of electrolysis industrially to refine metals or compounds at a high purity and low cost. Some examples are the Hall-Héroult process used for aluminium, or the production of hydrogen from olysis is usually done in bulk using hundreds of sheets of metal connected to an electric power source.

In the production of copper, these pure sheets of copper.Purchase Handbook of Recycling - 1st Edition. Print Book & E-Book. ISBNThe flotation process, which is versatile, can separate minerals as large as millimeters (6 mesh) and as small as 5 microns and can handle minerals with a specific gravity as high as 19 (gold) and as low as (vermiculite).

The process can be used in a medium of almost pure water, seawater or .